HAIR CYCLE & TYPES OF HAIR LOSS

HAIR CYCLE

Hair loss will be an awfully emotional troublesome event because hair loss has a social stigma in our society.

Most men face hair loss in their lifespan which may begin in the early twenties in many cases.

Male pattern hair loss also called androgenetic ) accounts for over 90% of hair loss in men.

In Asian countries around 65%, people face some degree of baldness by the age of 35 & 85% experience significant hair thinning by the age of 50. If you are looking for male and female pattern hair loss, this write up is for you. Go ahead and find the details.

Some men paying marginal attention to their thinning hair & baldness whereas other people may affect the considerable psychological effect. it's necessary that who is affected considerably dealing with hair loss& hair thinning they receive psychological support & definitive approach toward a cure in the form of medical treatment.& hair transplant.

Fortunately, there are wonderful medical treatments that may stop or prolong male& female hair loss & thinning in early grades of baldness. In severe-grade baldness, hair restoration can give you a completely natural look.

Nowadays surgical options are advanced with safe, natural & denser look. In the future, we additionally progress towards the goal of biological research in the form of hair cloning a technology where our own hair will be multiplied & implanted, though it’s in the research phase & not available yet.

The hair cycle consists of three phases, which have the following characteristics:

The production of hair is a cyclical process. The (Anagen)growth phase followed by (Catagen) regression, (Telogen) resting phase, and the cycle continues.

Anagen phase the matrix cells divide become keratinized and hair is produced is the longest phase lasts for 2 to 5 years.

Catagen phase is for a short span of about 2-3 weeks In the Telogen phase which is for several months, the cell multiplication & hair growth stops,& follicle becomes weaker. Finally shed and discarded.

The Dermal papilla is responsible for hair growth which is the most important structure of hair follicle. Hair follicle will form from the cell of this dermal papilla by division and differentiation.

Dermal papilla lies in direct contact with blood capillaries of the skin; it is responsible for nutrients for hair follicle growth. Androgens receptors are present on dermal papilla, where men have more androgenic receptors here than women.

There are a variety of reasons behind hair loss including

  • Genetic predisposition
  • Mental stress
  • Dandruff
  • Infection
  • Poor nutrition
  • Hormonal imbalances

However, male pattern baldness is affecting more than 95% men and many women as well.

Androgens are responsible for male pattern baldness according to research & normal amount of androgens is enough to trigger hair loss condition.

If the gene for hair loss is present in the blood there are high chances of suffering androgenetic hair loss which is the most common pattern.

TYPES OF ALOPECIA

ANDROGENETIC ALOPECIA

Androgenetic alopecia (MAA) is the common form of hair loss in men, affecting 40-50% of men by age 50. If you are looking for Alopecia treatment for men in Mumbai and Kochi, this write up is surely going to help you. Even in case you are searching for Alopecia treatment for female in Mumbai and Kochi, it will surely give necessary information. This information will cover details of Alopecia areata hair loss treatment and suggest best options of Alopecia hair loss treatment in Mumbai and Kochi. A genetic condition called as Androgenic baldness which will have an effect on each man and girls characterized by the gradual conversion of terminal hairs into indeterminate, and at last into vellus, hairs.

It is an extremely common disease that affects men and women. It's characterized by starting with grade 1 i.e receding hairline and end-stage i.e total disappearance of hair from the frontal scalp & crown.

In female pattern baldness, the growth phase of hair follicle slows down. Hair follicles eventually shrink, leading to thinner and finer hair & final shedding of the hair follicle. In female pattern hair loss, Women lose hair from all over their head especially central portion, temples may also recede.

women are mostly to start losing hair once they cross the 40s, 50s. Male hormones plays an important role in hair loss. When combined with another enzyme in the hair follicle, 5 alpha reductase, male hormone converts to Dihydrotestosterone (DHT). DHT is a natural metabolite of the human body and is very potent androgen play important role in progressive loss due to androgenic alopecia.

The sensitive hair graft when exposed Dihydrotestosterone eventually miniaturizes and shed.

TELOGEN EFFLUEM

It occurs when a number of hair follicles that are growing hair significantly lowers during the resting (telogen) phase of hair due to excessive shedding. This leads to TE hair loss, usually a reversible type. thinning of hair on the scalp are the preliminary symptoms.

Hair fall limited to one area or all over. If it does thin in multiple places, you may find that some areas are affected more than others.

It affects the top of the scalp Rarely will TE cause your hairline to recede. Common causes of telogen effluem are The environment physical trauma, like being blood loss due to an accident, or having surgery or illness, stress might trigger TE.

Many toxins may lead to “shock” due to environmental change causes your hair follicles to go into a resting state. Hormones A sudden change in hormone levels can trigger TE hair loss Medications or medical treatment Antihypertensive, antidepressants and oral contraceptives, may cause hair loss.

Diet Some scientist believes that hair loss may be the outcome of a vitamin or nutrient deficiency Like B6/B12/ iron /zinc

ALOPECIA AREATA

Alopecia means hair loss. In alopecia areata, the hair falls out in round patches or oval patches. The hair can fall out on the scalp and elsewhere on the body like beard, moustache, axilla etc.

There are different types of hair loss. Each of these types has a different name:

• Alopecia areata (patchy hair loss).

• Alopecia Totalis (total scalp hair loss).

• Alopecia Universalis (total body hair loss).

Usually, 5 percent of people are affected in this type. Commonly thought to be an autoimmune disorder but the exact cause is unknown.

TRACTION ALOPECIA

Alopecia due to traction can be caused by:

• Regularly wearing tight dreadlocks, weaves, and braids

• Using hair extensions & Wigs

• Using chemical rollers, relaxers

It can also be due to the weight of excessively long hair. hair loss on sides of the head (temporal) scalp due to wearing of tight braids resulting especially in African-American females.

Sikh males who twist their scalp hair tightly on the scalp (resulting in scalp alopecia) or their beard below the chin suffers from traction alopecia. Peoples using hairpieces to their existing hair can also experience traction alopecia after prolong use.

TRICHOTILLOMANIA

An irresistible urge to pull out their hair follicles, usually from their scalp, eyelashes, and eyebrows. Trichotillomania is a type of impulse control (obsessive-compulsive ) disorder. These disorders they cannot stop themselves though they know that they can do damage by acting on the impulses.

They may pull out their hair to relieve from stress. typically patchy hair loss occurs, as sufferers tend to concentrate the pulling in selected areas Psychological or emotional reasons for trichotillomania have been addressed effectively for a long-term cure for trichotillomania.

SCARRING ALOPECIA

Scarring alopecia where the hair roots get destroyed & replaced with the scar tissues may lead to permanent hair loss Scarring can be due to a variety of causes. Two types of Scarring Alopecia are there.

In the primary form, the hair follicles are targeted directly and in case of the secondary where damage happens due to some other disease. permanent scars and permanent hair loss may cause due to physical trauma or burns may leave scarring. permanent hair loss due to scalp scarring include

(1) The autoimmune conditions, lupus erythematosus, and scleroderma, Pseudopalde of brock

(2) Infections such as folliculitis ( bacterial infection), fungal & viral infections such as Herpes Zoster.

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